Glossary of dubbing terms (2023)

LATER:American Federation of Radio and Television Artists. Union of radio and television actors and voice actors.

bill:An advertiser, also known as a customer.

Account Manager:The person at the advertising agency who acts as the liaison between the agency and the client.

ADR:Automatic replacement of dialogs in a movie. A process by which actors replace dialogue in a film or video. ADR, or Automated Speech Replacement, is simply the recording of dialogue to a scene previously filmed on television or film. ADR recording is usually done in a professional studio during post-production. While ADR originally referred only to post-production dialogue recorded to replace original dialogue in a scene, it is now commonly used for all voiceovers, including previously unrecorded multilingual tracks and background conversations added in post-production. The ADR may or may not be provided by the original cast members featured in the live action footage.

Automated Dialogue Replacement or Additional Dialogue Recording (ADR) is a film sound technique in which dialogue is rerecorded after it is photographed, also known as 'looping' or looping. [1] In the UK, this is known as post-sync. or designated post-sync. ADR is recorded during an ADR session. An actor, usually the original cast member on set, is called into a recording studio equipped with video playback equipment and sound recording and playback equipment. The actor wears headphones and sees the line in the film being replaced, and often the sound recording of the production is also played back to him. The film is shown several times and the actor tries to perform the speech again while viewing the image on the screen while an ADR recorder records the performances. Several shots are taken, and based on the quality of the performance and timing, an ADR editor selects and edits one to use in the film.

Make yourself comfortable:An improvised verbal addition or modification to a written script. Ad lib, from the Latin ad libitum, meaning at will, is something improvised in the language, a spontaneous spoken addition or revision of written writing. While some jobs require improvisation at the client's request, unsolicited improvisation is rarely welcome.

Agent:A person or group of people who represent talent and bring it to their facility for auditions or organize an actor to audition for casting directors and producers.

Luft:Also known as airtime, it is the media time that is allocated to a commercial, that is, it is on the air.

Luftcheck:Recorded portion of a radio program for demonstration purposes. An aircheck is any recording of a broadcast program. Air Checks are generally used for archival purposes or as a demo (demonstration) for on-air talent. Often these recordings are "telescopic" or "scoped" as they are commonly called, meaning that the musical and commercial elements are omitted in favor of the broadcast talent portion of the show.

Environment:SFX continues behind the narration which suggests the monologue or dialogue in a specific setting such as a hospital, restaurant, retail store, gas station, etc.

Similar thing:The old way of processing and recording sound to tape. A form of information represented by continuous changes in amplitude or frequency that vary smoothly over a specified range, such as B. language or music.

Cheered up:A raw version of a television advertisement, usually with storyboard footage and voiceover, used to pitch a concept to a client.

Notice:A commercial or non-commercial message. Also called stains.

Applicants:The role assigned to a voice actor who does not normally own a copy of the character. Abbreviated as ANN or ANNC on hyphens.

Articulation:pronounce clearly.

attitude:How the character feels about a particular product or how an actor looks in general.

Audio:transmitting, receiving or reproducing sound.

Audio book:An audiobook is a recording of the contents of a book read aloud. It is usually distributed on compact discs (CDs) or in digital formats (eg mp3). The term "audio book" was synonymous with "books on tape" for about 20 years. Cassette tape sales now represent just 5% of the audiobook market, with CDs and digital downloads being the dominant format types.

Complete audiobooks are word-for-word readings of a book, while abridged audiobooks have the text cut off by the shortener. Audiobooks also come as fully dramatized versions of the printed book, sometimes with the full cast, music, and sound effects.

Audition:A free essay for speakers where a copy is read. It usually takes place in an agent's office, advertising agency, casting director's office or a production company's studio, and the best actor is usually chosen for the final job. Sample created by an actor or performance artist. Used in casting processes to demonstrate the performer's talent. The interview for the performer is considered. An example of this is the recording of an audio piece that contains a pre-provided script to showcase a person's talent.

Availability:Literally the time an actor has for a shoot. Advertisers or producers call an agent to inquire about an actor's availability.

back bed:The instrumental ending of a jingle, usually reserved for location, phone numbers, legal notices, or other information the advertiser needs to add.

Background:Also known as background noise, it's what's behind the narration. Mostly music or sound effects.

pellets:A deep, resonant sound.

Long band:Also known as BPS, it is the most common measurement for data transmission. Indicates the number of bits that can be transmitted to or from a communication device in one second.

bet:The music or SFX behind or below the speaker's voice.

Billboard:Emphasis on a specific word or phrase in a script. Typically, a rectangle or billboard is drawn around the customer's name and/or product.

Flores:Noise from the headphones picked up by the microphone or from other environmental sources such as other tracks.

Planks:The audio console the engineer works on. The sound engineer has faders that regulate the volume and mix the different elements in a radio spot. Also known as console.

Ticket sales:A decision and commitment by the advertiser to hire you for a session. The client calls the actor or the actor's agent to hire an actor for a job. Your agent would say you have a reservation tomorrow at 1pm. m. Booked, Book, or Reserve, a term referring to the status of a job you auditioned for. "I'm Reserved," p. "They're going to hire me for the voiceover work."

Eye:A ceiling microphone stand.

Sales position:A closed and soundproofed room where the loudspeakers normally work.

Filial:Record part of a sentence with variables within that sentence to customize a response. Often recorded for multimedia games and voicemail systems. Also known as concatenation.

Final:When voices become distorted and choppy, usually due to equipment problems or telephone line interference.

Broadcasting or Broadcasting:It is the distribution of audio and/or video signals that transmit programs to an audience. The audience can be the general public or a relatively large sub-audience such as children or young adults. There are a variety of drive systems, each with different capabilities. The smallest broadcast systems are public address institutional systems that broadcast news and spoken music, for example within a school or hospital, and low-powered radio or television stations that broadcast programs to a small local area.

Package:Either to remove a person from a cast list or as extra study time in a session. Also called a bumper.

Cut the top:When sound files are close, especially for a V-O demo.

Knopf:A single written or improvised word, phrase, or sentence at the end of a commercial that makes up the commercial without introducing additional commercial points. See spike.

To arrive:As in This is a buy. Also known as the Guardian. It is the configuration that the customer chooses as the best. Buy also refers to the amount of money spent on media time on a commercial or campaign.

purchase:A one-time fee for voice-over services in a commercial. Common in many non-union and industry situations, as well as CD-ROM, dubbing, looping, and A.D.R. to work.

Byte:A unit of measurement for storing information, usually consisting of eight bits. On many computer architectures, it is a memory addressing unit.

Cadence:How pauses are placed between words.

Call back:A second take on an audition. One step closer to booking the place.

Call letters:Lyrics assigned to a radio station by the FCC. Stations east of the Mississippi have call letters beginning with W, while stations west of the Mississippi have names beginning with K.

Opening hours:The scheduled time for an audition.

cans:Another word for headphones.

Foundry:Casting is an important pre-production process for selecting actors for a taped performance. Sometimes it involves a series of auditions before a casting panel made up of people like the producer and director.

cattle call:An audition that involved hundreds of people in order of arrival.

CD ROM:Compact disk read-only storage.

Character:The person an actor is cast for in a commercial.

One class:Commercial use of the national network.

Cold reading:An audition where an actor has little or no time to rehearse.

Cor:Subtle language nuances that add structure and nuance to words to make them interesting and meaningful.

Advertising:Also known as a spot, it is a recorded message that promotes a product or service. Sometimes abbreviated COMML.

(Video) Conscripted twice. Dubbed interview with russian soldier in Ukrainian captivity

Compression:Reduces the dynamic range of an actor's voice. Engineers apply compression to suppress background music and sound effects.

Conflict:Realization of two commercials for the same type of product. An agent will check with the client if a performance from a given location would conflict with an actor.

Console:A large desk-like device where the audio engineer monitors, records and mixes a voice-over session.

Control room:Where engineer and producer (and often customer) meet. This is usually a separate room from the cabin.

Copy:Also known as a dash. It is the text of a spot. The text, also called the script, is the text that the speaker reads. Most commonly it refers to the script of a commercial voiceover for radio or television.

Copy Points:The specific benefits of a product or service put into the script by the writer. Copy points are usually branded terms or unique features of a product or service that should be emphasized in a business voiceover script. While copy points are usually chosen by the client or writer, a speaker must be able to recognize copy points in the script, and sometimes must use their own judgment to determine the emphasis of each copy point to achieve the desired delivery. A client can ask for natural delivery, but too many copy points can make it difficult to deliver a script in a natural or conversational way. On the other hand, few or no copy points, when they can be absent, can flatten the delivery and make the message vague or uncommunicative.

Company profile:It is a presentation intended to be displayed within a company, not intended to be broadcast, and is typically used to present innovative ideas, reports or status to clients or the company itself.

creative director:The person at the ad agency responsible for all other creative work.

Diaphony:When a copy spoken into an actor's microphone is picked up by another microphone. You want the audio to spill or spill over into the other actor's microphone.

Keyword:An electronic or physical signal given to an actor to begin a performance.

Advance for:Combine tempo and speed, align an actor's voice with photos or music.

Customized demo:It is a custom demo created with a specific script that allows anyone who requests it to hear something special that will make it easier to decide on the most suitable voice for a project.

Cut:A specific segment of the narration footage, usually referenced during editing.

Cut and Paste:The act of putting together different shots into a composed and edited whole.

overalls:When a voice interrupts or fails to be drowned out by music and sound effects.

WHAT:Digital Audio Tape Acronym for high quality audio tape used in recording studios.

ar morto:When a narration pause is too long.

Decibel:A unit for measuring the intensity of sound. 0 would be no sound, 130 would cause acute earache.

De-Esser:A device used to eliminate excess hiss.

Manifestation:A demonstration of an actor's vocal talent. A 3D business card that represents the actor when he cannot be physically present. It is also a format used by advertising agencies to present an idea to a client. An actor receives a demo fee for doing a demo session. These demos are normally not streamed, but if accepted, the demo is updated for a session fee.

Demography:The components that describe the target audience. This is done according to age, gender, income, education, etc.

Dialogue:A script that requires two people to talk to each other.

digital recording:A process by which sound is converted into numbers and stored on a DAT or computer hard drive.

Principal:The person responsible for providing voiceover direction to an actor in an audition, session, or class.

Distortion:Blur the sound quality of a recorded track.

from the:A section of a commercial that usually features another voice, usually an announcer. It is often the section of a jingle that contains an advertisement.

Double:A term for a point or dialogue between two people.

Time of travel:The most listened times on the radio. The morning walk refers to the time between 6:00 am and 5:00 pm. m. and 10:00 am, the afternoon walk refers to the period between 3:00 pm and 3:00 pm. m. and 7:00 p.m.

Delivery:No strong endings at the end of a word or phrase.

Highlight:A small moment of silence within a recorded word or phrase.

Dry mouth:A condition in which your mouth has little or no saliva.

Dry reading:Narrative reading of any length, usually containing a person's voice and transmitted by means other than ISDN. Typically, the file is recorded, edited and delivered as a mono file. No music background effects or background noise are added.

Transfer:Also known as a duplicate (as in duplicate), it is a copy of a spot or spots on cassette, DAT or CD. The verb to fold or fold is the act of transferring recorded material from one source to another.

transfer:is the process of adding or replacing voices in a movie. The term is most commonly used in reference to recorded voices that do not belong to the original actors and speak in a different language than the actor. "Dubbing" can also be used to describe the process of re-recording lines by the actor who originally delivered them. This process is technically known as Automated Dialogue Exchange, or ADR. Dubbing is the process of replacing dialogue in a foreign film, such as dubbing a French voice into English.

Headphones:Also known as cans, headphones or headphones. It is used during the session to hear your own voice, as well as the instructions and instructions of the engineer or producer. It is also used to talk to the customer during an ISDN session or phone patch.

Eco:A repetition of sound.

Edition:Remove, add or rearrange recorded material. Speech elements can be extended, slowed down, sped up, cut, deleted, etc. to get the final shot.

Special effects:effects Another term for SFX.

Not ellipse:Three periods in a row, which usually means a break.

Technician:The person who operates the audio equipment during the voice-over session.

Compensation:Also known as an EQ, it is used to emphasize certain frequencies that can change the way a voice sounds.

Eye-brain-mouth coordination:What every good voice actor needs to have. It's the ability to effortlessly pick words on a page without omitting, adding, or stumbling over them.

FCC:The Federal Communications Commission. Established in 1944 to regulate all interstate and foreign radio and television communications.

FTP:Also known as: File Transfer Protocol, a method or protocol used to send data to public folders that can be accessed from two computers on the Internet.

Discarding:To increase or decrease the sound volume.

Fade In Fade Out:When you turn your head away from or towards the microphone.

false start:Situation where a feat makes a mistake in the first or second line of text. Recording is often stopped and sometimes rescheduled.

Return message:High-pitched, distorted sound, usually coming from headphones or speakers. Usually caused by issues with the console or headset being too close to the microphone.

Filter:What engineers put into a microphone to make an actor sound clearer.

aquarium effect:When the actor in the booth can't hear what the engineer or producer is saying, or vice versa.

Fluctuation:The number of times a voice rises or falls is also known as inflection.

Noise:Also known in the industry as a Foley Stage, it is a specialized soundstage used to source sound effects. Used to record close-up sound effects for film or video where Foley artists combine sound and image, e.g.

Franchise:Term for talent agents who adopt SAG/AFTRA policies.

bed front:As opposed to the background bed, where the ad comes at the beginning of a jingle.

To win:The volume of a voice or fader on the console.

Individual performance:A job. A show sig is a unionized job.

Gobos:Portable screens placed around the actor to absorb or reflect sound or to isolate the actor from another actor at the microphone.

Good whistles:Describes a talent with vocal power, authority and resonance.

(Video) Moments when dub was better than sub in Naruto

upload by:To take a test or be considered for a job. I'm up for Ford national means that an actor is signing up for a Ford commercial on the national network.

Hard to sell:Focus on high volume retail. One producer describes Hard Sell as: I'll stop screaming when you start buying!

Harmonizer:Also known as a munchkiniser, it is a device designed to alter the pitch of the voice, usually upwards.

Headphones:A set of headphones. See cans.

High Speed ​​Dubbing:A copy of a tape or CD made several times above normal speed.

Heights:The high-pitched sound of a voice.

By having:When a potential client likes an audition enough to free up some of an actor's time for a potential booking, one step before booking. Typically, the client decides between a few speaker candidates and wants to hedge their bets.

Retention rate:The money an actor receives when the customer wants to reserve a seat for a later broadcast.

home recording:It means recording at home rather than in a professional studio. It has become more and more popular recently due to the rise of affordable analogue and digital recording devices. Depending on the quality and scope of equipment, you may be able to run your own semi-professional recording studio from the comfort of your home, rather than paying a larger studio by the hour for their services. Home recording can include (or run entirely on) a personal computer (PC), allowing for digital updating and mixing of studio and high definition recordings. It has grown so much in recent years that some professional recording studios are switching to it, using PCs, AD or DAT systems (or the very popular commercially available Digidesign tools), multitrack recorders, voice booths and various instruments, whether acoustic or synthetic, instead of using the traditional console setup. For little money, the right recording equipment and a soundproof room, basically anyone can have their own recording studio without leaving their home. To process home recording, the minimum setup requires an audio interface, microphone and recording software. Many manufacturers provide audio equipment for every need, such as dedicated equipment for recording vocals or guitars.

I study at home:A small personal recording studio is sometimes referred to as a project studio or home studio. These studios often cater to the specific needs of an individual artist or are used as a non-commercial hobby. The first modern project studios emerged in the late 1980s with the advent of affordable multitrack recorders, synthesizers and microphones. The phenomenon has increased with the drop in prices of personal computers, as well as low-cost digital hard disk recording products.

Most independent voice actors regularly use their own home studios for personal and commercial recordings. Some voice actors implement ISDN hardware and software in their studios to allow real-time remote recording of broadcast-quality audio.

Hook:Start on a high note on the first word of an ad to grab attention and dive right in. It is also used to describe the chorus of a song.

Warm:Term used to describe a microphone that is turned on; also when a voice pickup level falls into the red or distorted part of the spectrum.

Demo House:An agency demo, the condensed version (each actor only gets a one-minute demo) of their roster of male and female talent.

I get married:A production carried out for the customer at the customer's own premises.

No ship:A sentence indicating that part or all of the copy is acceptable and complete.

Flexion:Raise or lower the pitch of your voice, a way to reinforce the meaning of a word by changing the way it is said. See also float.

ISDN:"ISDN" is an acronym for "Integrated Services Digital Network". The Integrated Services Digital Network is a network of telephone systems. The main feature of ISDN is that it integrates voice and data on the same lines and adds features not available in ordinary telephone systems. Special high quality lines that allow the digital transmission of voice recordings from one recording center to another. Several types of ISDN access interfaces are defined:

Basic Rate Interface (BRI)
Primary Rate Interface (PRI)
wide band ISDN (ISDN-BA)

ISDN is a circuit-switched telephone network system that also provides access to packet-switched networks designed to allow digital transmission of voice and data over ordinary telephone copper wires, resulting in better voice quality than an analog telephone. It offers circuit-switched connections (for voice or data) and packet-switched connections (for data) in 64 kbit/sec increments.

Another important market application is Internet access, where ISDN typically delivers a maximum of 128 kbit/s both up and down (which can be considered broadband speed as it exceeds the narrowband speed of telephone lines). standard analogue) 56k). ISDN B channels can be grouped together to achieve a higher data rate, typically 3 or 4 BRIs (6 to 8 channels of 64 kbit/s) are grouped together.

ISDN should not be confused with its use with a specific protocol, such as Q.931, where ISDN is used as the network, data link, and physical layer in the context of the OSI model. In a broader sense, ISDN can be seen as a set of digital services that exist at layers 1, 2 and 3 of the OSI model. ISDN was developed to provide simultaneous access to voice and data services.

However, general usage has limited ISDN to Q.931 and related protocols, which are a suite of protocols for establishing and breaking circuit-switched connections and for providing advanced calling features to the user. They were introduced in 1986.[1]

In a videoconference, ISDN allows the simultaneous transmission of voice, video, and text between individual desktop videoconferencing systems and group (room) videoconferencing systems.

URA:Intelephony, Interactive Voice Response or IVR, is a telephone technology that allows a computer to recognize voice and key tones during a normal telephone call. The IVR system can respond with pre-recorded or dynamically generated audio to directly tell others how to proceed. IVR systems can be used to control virtually any function where the user interface can be broken down into a series of simple menu options. Once built, IVR systems generally scale well to handle high call volumes.

Jacob:Female connector for plugging into a socket commonly used for audio equipment, e.g. B. to connect your headphones to your audio devices.

Be nervous:Applied to VoIP is a variation of delay in packet transmission. Jitter is usually caused by the effects of queuing, contention, and serialization on the network path. that is, many sites are opened at the same time. Faster networks with higher bandwidth tend to have less jitter, while slower networks tend to have more congestion and jitter.

Tear:A music commercial.

KBPS:also known. Kilobits (or bytes) per second (kbps) is a unit of data transfer rate, equal to 1000 bits per second.

LAN:local area network, a network of computers covering a small geographic area, such as a home, office, or group of buildings, for example, a school. Distinctive features of LANs include their much higher data transmission rates, smaller geographic reach, and lack of need for leased telecommunications lines.

laundry list:A set of copy points: adjectives or prices and articles in the copy. Sometimes a list of product or service benefits. The feat's goal is to read them with different emphases so they don't read like a list.

Bajalo:Another expression meaning "Let's record".

Project:As with the Layout, do not speak while music is playing in this section.

Level:To optimally tune a voice. When the coach says, "Let's level up," the actor starts reading the transcript at the level he's been speaking at throughout the ad.

library music:Pre-recorded music that producers use when budgets don't allow for original music. A fee must be paid for each piece of music, usually annually.

Lines:The copy read by the speaker. Leading lines means rehearsing a dialogue with another actor.

Driving level:Term used to describe the strength of an audio signal used to transmit analog sound information between audio components such as CD and DVD players, televisions, audio amplifiers and mixers, and sometimes MP3 players.

line reading:When a producer tells a speaker how he wants a line read, reading it himself.

Live Microphone:The microphone is on and can record everything that is said in the cabin. That means everyone in the control room. see hot.

Live tag:The copy provided at the end of an advertisement, usually by a radio station announcer.

Local:It refers to union in a specific place. It is usually accompanied by a number, for example B. AFTRA Local 47.

Amor:The oldest technology used to record background sounds and noise for television or movies. Done in post-production after recording the show. A type of voiceover in which a group of individual speakers record the audio of a scene in a film or television program. Talents watch a pre-recorded video and are assigned to a person or group of people and must mimic or record each time the person speaks on screen.

minimums:The low frequency of a voice.

Main markets:It refers to the Big Three: New York, Chicago and Los Angeles. These markets pay more for voiceover work.

Mark copy:Put different marks on top, bottom, around, in the middle and circle the words in a dash. It is better to use a pencil, as the direction or emphasis may change.

Maestro:The original recording from which all voiceovers were made.

MIC:A common form of the word microphone, as in mike. A microphone, sometimes called a mic or microphone, is an acoustic-to-electric transducer or sensor that converts sound into an electrical signal.

Mic Preamp:(mic preamplifier) ​​A device used to amplify the voltage picked up by a microphone to a higher usable level. Most microphones must be used in conjunction with a microphone preamp to work properly.

Milking:Expand the words and give them as much emphasis as possible, like in Milk it.

Mix:The mixing of voice, sound effects, music, etc. Final mix usually refers to the finished product.

Mixer:An electronic device used to combine ("mix"), route, and change the level, timbre, and/or dynamics of audio signals. Depending on the type of mixer, a mixer can mix analog or digital signals. Modified signals (digital voltages or samples) are added together to produce the combined output signals.

Modulation:The process of changing a periodic waveform, i. There is a pitch to use that signal to convey a message, just as a musician can modulate the pitch of a musical instrument by varying its volume, tempo, and pitch. A high frequency sine wave is normally used as the carrier signal. The three main parameters of a sine wave are its amplitude ("loudness"), its phase ("timing") and its frequency ("pitch"), all of which can be changed in accordance with an information signal from low frequency to get the modulated signal.

monitor:The speakers in the control room.

Monologue:Copy for one person. Also called bachelor.

mouth sound:The clicks and pops of a microphone are picked up from a dry mouth.

MP3:The file extension name, and also the file type name, for MPEG, Audio Layer 3. Layer 3 is one of three encoding schemes (Layer 1, Layer 2, and Layer 3) for compressing audio signals. Layer 3 uses perceptual audio coding and psychoacoustic compression to remove all superfluous information (more specifically, the redundant and irrelevant parts of an audio signal. The things the human ear doesn't hear anyway. The result actually is that Layer 3 preserves the original audio data from a CD (with a bitrate of 1411.2 kilobits per second for stereo music) by a factor of 12 (up to 112-128 kbps) with no loss of sound quality.

Of several:Refers to a hyphen of three or more characters.

Multi-Track:A machine that can record and play back several different tracks at the same time.

(Video) Schindler's List | "I Didn't Do Enough"

cama musical:The soundtrack that is backed up or mixed with the copy.

Box:In any story (literary work, film, play, oral narrative, etc.), a narrator is an entity that tells the story to the audience. It is one of three entities responsible for storytelling of any kind. The others are the author and the audience (often called "readers" when the literature is specific). Both author and audience inhabit the real world. It is the author's role to create the universe, people and events within the story. It is up to the audience to understand and interpret the story. The narrator exists within the world of the story (and only there, although in non-fiction the narrator and the author may share the same personality, as the real world and the world of the story can be the same) and presents it in a way which audience can relate.

Market niche:A focused part of a market.

A company that focuses on a niche market is filling a need for a product or service that is not being met by major suppliers. A narrowly defined group of potential customers can be thought of as a niche market.

A distinct market niche typically arises when supply fails to meet potential demand for a product or service, or when new demand arises due to changes in society, technology, or the general environment.

Niche market companies can become profitable due to the advantages of specialization and focus on small, identifiable, albeit inherently small, market segments compared to the main market; even without economies of scale. Niche markets can be ignored or overlooked by large companies due to their low potential; this, in turn, is part of the process that makes the niche market accessible to smaller companies. The key to capitalizing on a niche market is finding or developing a niche market that has affordable customers, is growing fast enough, and is not owned by an established player.

without union:A voice job paid for by the books, under the table, not the union. A non-union facility is one that is not a SAG or AFTRA signatory.

Off camera:A part in which an actor provides only their voice for a television commercial or video presentation.

Microphone On/Microphone Off:Speak or don't speak directly into the microphone. An actor is always at the microphone during recording unless he is shouting, and then he turns his head slightly to speak into the microphone.

Salida:A previous take that was not approved and accepted.

Overlay:When an actor starts his sentence before another actor finishes his.

excess:Any amount paid above the minimum wage established by AFTRA or SAG.

Exaggerated:Direction that makes the copy appear larger than life and forces the actor to exaggerate.

Tempo:The speed at which an actor reads the text.

paper sounds:Sound picked up by the microphone when you move the panel. Place it on the microphone stand and leave it alone. If you have two copies and no backing, hold one page in each hand. If you have more than two pages, you can stop, place the next page in front of you, and continue. The engineer will accommodate this as they don't want to remove noise from the paper.

Correction:To establish an electrical/digital connection for recording and/or transmission. Also known as a telephone patch or land patch.

Contador:A payroll service that handles talent payments for the producer.

stages:When sound bounces off or bounces off certain surfaces, causing a strange, disjointed effect on the recording.

Phoneme:The small units of sound used to form words.

Telephone:A short word for headphones.

Collect:Rewrite a section of copy at a specific point. 90% of your reading material may already be in the can, but there may be a phrase, phrase or paragraph that the director feels could be done a little better, clearer, faster, slower, etc. The director tells you exactly where he wants you to take your line(s), where to start and where to end. Read a phrase or sentence before the start point of the recording and before the end point. This is done to help the sound engineer better edit the pickup, adjust phrasing and levels.

Collection date:An additional session to complete the original. There may be copy changes or character changes at one point before it finally goes live. This is usually because the customer changed their mind before the ad was broadcast.

Enrollment:The tone in which a person speaks.

Positioning:Where the microphone is placed when an actor is reading.

Reproduction:Listen to what you just recorded.

Positive:Any consonant or combination of consonants that causes a click.

dozens more:Refers to the contractual agreement where the producer agrees to add an additional 10% to the actor's pay for agent commissions.

Pop:When speech sounds register too loudly on the microphone. Usually caused by explosives.

Pop Filter:A foam sleeve that covers the microphone or a nylon windshield in front of the microphone. Soften the pop. Also known as a pop plug. Also Known As: Gooseneck... A small piece of cloth placed in front of a microphone to prevent explosives from creating a puff of air or "pop" in the recording.

post production:Also known as Courier. Work done after the speaker has finished recording the session. This includes mixing SFX and music. Post-production takes place in the making of feature films, television programs, videos, audio recordings, photography and digital art. It is the general term for all production steps that occur after the effective completion of filming and/or recording of the completed work. Generally, the post-production phase takes longer than filming or recording.

preamp:Also known as a control amplifier in some parts of the world, it is an electronic amplifier placed in front of another amplifier.
to prepare an electronic signal for further amplification or processing. The preamp circuit may or may not be housed as a separate component.

Past Life/Presence:The backstory an actor comes up with for their character.

Manufacturer:The person responsible for the voice-over session. Often, the producer is also the director.

Offer:A commercial spot used by radio and television stations specifically to alert the public to upcoming shows.

Schutz:Also known as safe, this is an additional recording requested by the producer to ensure that he has a backup copy of his preferred recording. Usually expressed as: One more for protection.

PSA:Public Service Announcement. Ads to publicize current issues such as smoking, drug use, pollution, pregnancy, etc.

To defeat:Read a word or line more intensely.

Tap here:Sometimes called a pickup, it is a resumption or continuation of a copy. The sound engineer inserts a pickup at a specific point in the copy to help with further editing.

Archive:An actor's reading style is presented as the speaker or his performance, as in That Was a Good Read.

real time:An event that lasts as long as it really lasts, as opposed to high speed.

Approved:Getting kicked out of a voice-over job. It is one of two results in the queue.

Stay:Ongoing payments that an actor receives every 13 weeks for his commercial appearances. Also known as 13 weeks per point per cycle.

Resonance:The overall quality of a voice created by vibrations in resonant chambers such as the mouth and sinus areas.

Reuse:Which actors get paid if their spot is repeated? This is usually the same amount you received during the first 13-week cycle.

Sala:A variation of Echo. It's an effect added to your voice in post.

tom do quarto:The sound a room makes with no one in it.

raw mix:The step before final mixing. This is when the producer and engineer adjust the volume of the vocals, music and sound effects.

Run through:Copy the samples before recording. Like a dress rehearsal.

YOU KNEW:Film Actors Guild. Union of Film Actors and Interpreters.

Safety:This is a replay where the producer or client wants to make sure they have a backup in case there are any technical issues with the intended recording. Let's do one more just to make sure it's a common phrase. See protection.

S.A.S.E.:Self-addressed stamped envelope. Sometimes needed when sending a CD demo to an agent.

special effects:Short for sound effects. Also displayed as EFX.

Scale:The minimum wage for labor talent set by SAG and AFTRA. The double or triple scale refers to these salaries multiplied by 2 or 3.

Scale plus 10:Refers to the additional 10% paid to an actor's agent for a job.

Track Draft:A raw video or audio track that a production company or advertising agency can assemble for an actor to read. See excited.

series of three:Term used to describe a series of wild lines to be drawn in a set of three. Each reading should be slightly varied.

Other:The event in which a Talent performs a script for recording purposes.

session fee:Payment of the first commercial within the session. If an actor takes two slots, they will receive a session fee plus payment for the other slot. If the same actor tags, they will receive a separate tag fee. And if they register just two tags, they get one paid session plus one tag.

(Video) Payitaht Sultan Abdulhamid Urdu | Episode 218 | Season 1 Urdu Dubbing by PTV | Janbaz Mujahid

To shave:To limit your reading, as in: can you shorten this reading by three seconds?

Whistle:A prolonged or excessive "S" sound when speaking. A hiss is combined with a hiss. This is a very annoying sound that some engineers use a sound tool called de-esser to mitigate.

Pages:Commercial scripts for videos where the action is in the left column, the dialogue in the right column, or the animation.

Signatory:Sense: Someone (usually a producer or advertising agency) who has signed a contract with SAG or AFTRA stating that they will only work union jobs and promises to pay union wages for talent.

The business:The specific quality of a voice that makes it unique.

Single:Also known as monologue or copying a person.

Edge:Verrisshe simply says his name at the beginning of an audition recording. There are several ways to list, but the basic list is simply to put the name at the top of the file, usually along with the character or role the actor is playing. The whiteboard helps the director identify and keep track of the actors and the various shots.

Sound effects:Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content in a film, television program, live performance, animation, video game, music or other media.

In film and television production, a sound effect is sound recorded and presented to emphasize a specific story or creative point without the use of dialogue or music. The term generally refers to a process applied to a recording without necessarily referring to the recording itself.

Specification:Short for specs, these are the instructions given for a specific script, ideas of how the customer might want the commercial to read, and accompanying script, usually on the same page, but sometimes on a separate page.

Specifying can also mean volunteering your services and deferring payment until a project is sold. The popular definition now works for free with the promise of arriving later than you deserve.

Spokesman:Also called rays. A voice actor hired on a repeat contract basis to represent a product or company.

Worked:An ad. It originated from the days when all commercials were played live, with songs on the radio in between. The artists were there.

Climb stairs:Progressively increase the pitch up or down to define phrases. This technique is especially effective when reading laundry lists.

Be:Where the copy is placed in the cabin.

Station-ID:A short original sound in which a radio station's call sign is announced or sung.

Steps:Energy boost in a long list of adjectives or superlatives.

Graphic script:An art director and writer's conception of a television commercial, drawn on a large whiteboard for presentation to a client. The talent sees what the actors are doing on camera in the commercial. See excited.

Studying:The facility where all the recording and mixing of a commercial takes place.

Scans:The television and radio audience periods, in which the total audience seen or heard is estimated, which determines advertising prices. They take place in February, May and November.

synchronize:Set a voice from a previous recording. It also refers to aligning tracks so that they start or end together.

Taft-Hartley:This labor law protects an actor from having to join a union for his first job. You must join AFTRA if you are hired for another union job within 30 days.

Plate:Information placed at the end of a commercial, including date, time, phone number, website address, disclaimer, etc. Sometimes a different talker reads the tag. A tag is a keyword or term associated with information (such as an Internet bookmark, digital image, or computer file). This type of metadata helps describe an item and lets you find it again by browsing or searching.

Wear:The recording of a specific voiceover copy. All takes are numbered consecutively, usually provided by the sound engineer.

Talent:An artist, entertainer or broadcaster.

intercom function:Refers to the button associated with the microphone on the Technician Console. Allow the engineer or director to speak to the talent in the booth.

Disturb:The introductory line used to generate interest. Promotions are sometimes also known as teasers.

Tempo:The rate at which the copy is delivered.

Three in a row:Term used when asked to read the script three different ways in one take, with the intention of choosing a new reading each time.

Party:There isn't a lot of time to read or relate to a script that has a lot of words and little time to say them, eg. B. This is a very tight :60.

Hour:Literally the length of a stitch. Most TV and radio spots are shown at :15, :30 or :60.

time code:A digital readout on the engineer's console relating to tape and videotape positions. It is used in movie synchronization.

tons:A particular sound or environment.

Encourage:Both for the recording and the actual audio piece. We are ready to crawl instead of listening to this track.

Follower:A commercial promoting the release of a film or video.

minar:Dive into a sentence and throw away part of it.

Units:The number assigned by AFTRA and SAG to cities in the United States. Each city varies in the value of the appraised value depending on the number of inhabitants. This directly affects the amount of money an actor receives in the form of residuals.

Usage fee:An additional fee paid to the artist when their ad is displayed.

added value:Refers to words in a script that suggest you are getting more than you paid for. Also, free, new, improved, and extra are examples.

voice impression:The vocal equivalent of fingerprints. It can be viewed on any computer monitor running ProTools or a similar sound tool.

voice out loud:Short for Voice Over. Also seen as an AVO (voice announcer). It is the act of adding voice to a media project, with voice often mixed with music and SFX. Voiceover was the term originally used to describe an announcer's voice in a television commercial, and the process was called voiceover imaging. The more accurate term now is dubbing, which is the art of using one's voice to bring written words to life.

Voiceover Coach:A teacher who specializes in improving students' speaking skills, but may also teach other subjects or areas. Many people claim that, ideally, such a teacher should have experience in dubbing, but this may not be the case, for example, because some trainers (many of whom have considerable reputations around the world today) have extensive experience as copywriters, recruitment and radio or television. broadcasters, casting directors, sound producers, film producers, television producers, sound engineers, recording studio owners, advertising agency professionals or theater or film actors.

Some voiceover coaches are usually certified (college or university graduates) in language, communication, vocal pedagogy, education, singing, or other fields. This may (or may not) affect the teacher's skills and abilities as a dubbing teacher. However, it is always wise to ask about the teacher's background and experience. One of the areas in college that often affects a person's ability to teach is the study of pedagogical methods such as classroom teaching skills, student understanding, adult education techniques, practical teaching skills, and the like.

Some knowledge of the anatomy of the human voice, how people produce speech, the organs of speech, and even voice and language disorders are a crucial "plus" in a speech trainer. In addition, a voiceover coach with insights gained from studying the principles of human speech production can be valuable for students to improve the speaker's vocal pitch, articulation ability, and other language needs. The teacher could also, through studies, identify dysfunctions or vocal problems that are best treated by a doctor who has knowledge about dysfunctions or diseases of the human voice. A speech therapist or a teacher who has studied the field but is not licensed to practice as a therapist by a state or government agency can be very helpful to elocution students in this regard.

A teacher familiar with theater or acting techniques may be most helpful to voiceover students in the Storyteller area. That is, representing characters of different types as speakers, speaking accents or dialects, and similar tasks. A teacher who has experience with airing radio or television commercials can be helpful for voiceover students looking for voiceover skills.

speaker's talent:A person who sells their voice as a product to be used with other media, either as a disembodied voice or synchronized with an animated or live-action body. A speaker may or may not have a particularly pleasing voice, but they have a consistent ability to use their voice to desired effect, sometimes incorporating different dialects, accents, characters or emotions to communicate a specific message or evoke a special feeling. . A voice-over talent may also be called a voiceover talent, talent, announcer, voice actor, or voice actor, and less precisely, a narrator or voiceover.

voice searcher:Someone who is looking for a voice actor or announcer.

Locutor-Kater:Term for someone who worries about their previous voice-over auditions and how they fared, to the point where it becomes physically and emotionally draining.

VU meter:An indicator on the engineer's console that shows the level of sound passing through the panel.

Walla:The sound of many voices speaking simultaneously, used as background noise for a party or restaurant. Originally, it was thought that saying the words Walla Walla repeatedly in the background would simulate a good sonic atmosphere for a crowded scene, but the prevailing opinion now is that the actors playing Walla should converse as they normally would in the situation.

Water mark:A means of disabling an audition file. For audio files, watermarks are background sounds or other noise that are mixed into the final audition file.

Nass:A voice or sound with added reverb.

wild line:A single line of script that is read over and over again until perfect readability is achieved. It is considered wildcard because it is read separately from the full script. It is often presented in a three-part series, with the actor reading the line three times in a row without interruption. Each row has a slightly different reading unless otherwise noted.

Wild Spot:A fixed fee for a spot aired an indefinite number of times in a 13-week cycle. It can be local, regional or national.

windshield:A pop filter or anti-pop cap.

leñera:To rehearse or practice reading aloud. From the old days of theater where actors had to rehearse in a wooden shed before acting.

To involve:The ending, as in That's a wrap.


Why do voice actors say pickup? ›

Moment Before: A motivational cue that gives the actor (character) a reason to speak. Pick-up: To re-record an isolated line or phrase to remedy a vocal flub or technical glitch.

What does ADR stand for in voice acting? ›

ADR: Automated Dialogue Replacement in a film. A process where actors replace dialogue in a film or video. ADR or automated dialog replacement is simply the recording of dialog for a previously shot scene in television or film. ADR recording generally occurs in a professional studio setting during post production.

What is a vo tag? ›

Voice Tags are short audio phrases often saying the name, brand, or slogan of a Music Producer, DJ, or Videographer to protect & to let their audience know who is responsible for their creative works. The length of a voice tag is usually about 3 to 8 seconds long and some times done with vocal effects in the mix.

What are grunts called in voice acting? ›

Voice foley is the non-talking "foley" or sound effects, that a voice actor makes to enhance a performance. Such sounds include grunts, groans, breaths, wheezing, humming and many more.

What does Chameleon mean in acting? ›

Someone could be deemed a character actor but still seem the same in every role he or she pursues. Chameleon actor has more of a feel, because when they inhibit a character, they become it, blending in like a chameleon. In turn the viewer loses themselves in the actor's performance.

What does RP mean in voice acting? ›

I'm Chris and I have a warm, genuine and authoritative voice with a British RP (received pronunciation) accent. Clear, professional and persuasive, it means I can deliver your story with the utmost assurance and impact.

Is looping and ADR the same thing? ›

Looping is also referred to as Group ADR (Automated Dialogue Replacement) and walla. During filming, a production sound mixer records dialogue. When the film goes into post-production, a supervising sound editor, also known as an ADR supervisor, reviews all of the dialogue and decides what must be re-recorded.

What is looping or ADR? ›

ADR is the process of re-recording the film's audio in a quieter, more controlled setting, typically at a recording studio. You may also hear ADR referred to as looping. (From when dialog was cut into physical loops of film and sound stock for repetitive picture playback.)

What is a sot in broadcast? ›

SOT. Sound on Tape – the sound that is on the tape – whether it's an interview, a VO or nat sound.

What does super mean in voice-over? ›

Tagged: formatting, presentation, screenplay, screenwriting, script, scriptwriting, terms. SUPER means that something is superimposed over the image, usually text. For example, you may see: SUPER: The Whitehouse. 7:14pm.

What is the difference between O.S. and VO? ›

What is the difference between V.O. and O.S.? V.O. (voice over) and O.S. (off-screen) are similar terms, but they have slightly different applications. Both are used to indicate that dialogue is spoken by someone not currently seen on the screen; the difference isn't where the speaker is not, but where the speaker is.

What are the 5 basic elements of a script? ›

The 5 elements that make up a great story

For this introduction, we're going to call them character, want and need, plot, structure, and conflict and resolution.

What are the 3 C's of writing a good script? ›

If you had to boil everything down to the bone in the realm of the art, craft, and business of screenwriting, you'd be left with three core elements — Concept, Character, and Conflict. Those are the three essential elements to successful screenplays, teleplays, movies, and television series.

What are the 8 elements of script writing? ›

The elements for a script are:
  • Scene Heading.
  • Action.
  • Character Name.
  • Dialogue.
  • Parenthetical.
  • Extensions.
  • Transition.
  • Shot.

What are the six techniques in voice acting? ›

Six Audition Tips for Voice Over Actors
  • Slate in character.
  • Study the casting spec and script.
  • Say the words right.
  • Lay down two takes.
  • Record it well.
  • Do your best and let it go.
Oct 12, 2017

What is a crackle voice? ›

Vocal fry occurs when there is not enough breath being pushed through the vocal cords. When we breathe, our vocal cords separate. Then when we speak, those cords rub together and the vibration creates sound. If you speak without enough breath, your vocal cords cannot rub together and they create a creaky, hollow sound.

What is walla walla in film? ›

A sound effect for the murmur of a crowd in the background. Walla is often use as subliminal aural communication and sets a mood or a tone. The word walla was created in the old radio days when they needed the sound of a crowd in the background.

What is a goat in acting? ›

Jennifer Lawrence told Stephen Colbert on “The Late Show” that while filming “Don't Look Up” with Streep, the cast would “offhandedly call Meryl the G.O.A.T.” – abbreviation for the “greatest of all time.” “And we were doing a photoshoot and I said something like G.O.A.T.

What are the four key types of actors? ›

There are four key types of actors, which are defined as Personality Actors, who use their own personality to bring life to a character; Creative Actors, or actors who go against their own personality; Chameleon Actors, who can play a wide variety of unrelated roles; and Nonprofessional Actors who add realism to ...

What does cameo mean in acting? ›

: a small theatrical role usually performed by a well-known actor and often limited to a single scene. A major star appears in a cameo in the movie. broadly : a brief appearance or role.

What do you call a posh English accent? ›

The phrase Received Pronunciation was coined in 1869 by the linguist, A J Ellis, but it only became a widely used term to describe the accent of the social elite after the phonetician, Daniel Jones, adopted it for the second edition of the English Pronouncing Dictionary (1924).

What accent does the Queen have? ›

Anyone who has heard the Queen's speeches will recognise her distinctive British accent. This is RP – 'Received Pronunciation'.

Who speaks Received Pronunciation? ›

The abbreviation RP (Received Pronunciation) denotes what is traditionally considered the standard accent of people living in London and the southeast of England and of other people elsewhere who speak in this way.

What is dialogue looping? ›

In motion-picture technology: Dialogue. … commonly known as dubbing, or looping. Looping involves cutting loops out of identical lengths of picture, sound track, and blank magnetic film. The actor listens to the cue track while watching the scene over and over.

Why is it called looping? ›

Looping originated with tape experiments in the 50s. It's called looping because back then the two ends of a section of analog tape would spliced together to form a literal closed loop. It's called looping because back then the two ends of a section of analog tape would spliced together to form a literal closed loop.

Is ADR faster than litigation? ›

ADR is faster, better and less expensive than litigation. It is faster because it avoids discovery and the long litigation process. It is better because it provides a choice of remedies.

What are the 4 types of ADR? ›

What are the four types of Alternative Dispute Resolution? The most common types of Alternative Dispute Resolution for civil cases are mediation, settlement conferences, neutral evaluation, and arbitration.

What are the two main types of ADR? ›

Types of ADR. The most common types of ADR for civil cases are mediation, settlement conferences, neutral evaluation, and arbitration.

What is it called to replace sound especially dialogue through rerecording? ›

The particular process of re-recording dialogue was called automated dialogue replacement (ADR), which is a bit of a misnomer because there is nothing automated about it. Instead, ADR is traditionally recorded by having the same actor go back into a studio and re-record their lines of dialogue.

What is SOT and FFL? ›

The short answer is this: the FFL is the license that allows you to make/buy/sell guns and transfer them. Being an SOT is a tax status that allows you to avoid the per-item NFA tax and allows certain business activities with NFA items.

What is a sig out? ›

SIG OUT (Signature Out) The reporter's name and news organization's name. The sig out is the last audio of a news report.

What does FFL SOT stand for? ›

An SOT, or Special Occupational Taxpayer, is an FFL who pays an additional tax for the privilege of manufacturing or importing various classes of NFA devices.

What is a VSL in voice-over? ›

Video Sales Letter (VSL) Voice Overs are still a good chunk of my work. Lengths vary from 3 to 25 minutes. Share your story, get your point across and trust Jamie Buck to deliver the message for the best conversions!

How many types of voice overs are there? ›

9 Types of Voiceover Work.

What is the sag rate for voice-over? ›

Two guides to help with your Union quote!
Entire Script - First Hour$425.50$474.00
Entire Script - Each Additional Half-Hour$124.50$124.50
Partial Script - Within 60 Days, 30 Min Session$231.00$231.00
Off & On-Camera Narrator & Spokesperson (1st Day)$891.00$1,056.00
Narrator/Spokesperson (Each Additional Day)$490.00$609.50
52 more rows

What does MOS mean in a script? ›

MOS Literally "mit-out sound". Used to denote a picture take for which no sound was shot. M.O.S. Script abbreviation calling for a silent shot or scene accompanied by neither dialogue nor sound effects.

What does IE mean in a script? ›

Final Draft

I/E is an option at the beginning of a Scene Heading. What does it stand for? Interior/Exterior refers to shots made in both an interior and an exterior. It's used when writing, for example, a car chase where the camera cuts back and forth between the inside of a car and the outside.

What does fade in mean in a script? ›

A fade in is an opening shot or transition technique film editors use to ease viewers into new imagery, rather than using a sudden cut from scene to scene.

What are the 7 types of scripts? ›

Here are eight types of scripts that you can write:
  • Original script. Original scripts include those that you create from your own ideas. ...
  • Adapted script. An adapted script re-imagines an existing story or narrative. ...
  • Screenplay. ...
  • Storyboard. ...
  • Spec script. ...
  • Standalone script. ...
  • Pitch script. ...
  • Shooting script.
Mar 11, 2022

What are the 6 aspects of a script? ›

The basic format consists of six major elements: scene headings, action, character name, dialogue, parentheticals, and transitions.

What are the 4 main story elements? ›

To keep your reader engaged and interested, your story should include these plot elements: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. Let's explore each one.

What are four techniques to making a script? ›

How to Write a Script
  1. Write your logline. A logline is a one-sentence summary or description of a movie. ...
  2. Create an outline. ...
  3. Build a treatment. ...
  4. Write your screenplay. ...
  5. Format your screenplay. ...
  6. Edit your screenplay.
Sep 28, 2022

What do three dots mean in a script? ›

An ellipsis (. . . or …) is a set of three periods or dots in a row. In formal writing, it is used to indicate omitted text in a quotation. Ellipses are also used in casual communication, such as text messages, to show indecision or a thought trailing off. In creative writing, an ellipsis can signify a pause.

How long of a script is 3 minutes? ›

Here are some quick numbers: 60 seconds video = 150-170 words (approx) 90 seconds video = 255 words (approx) 2 minute video = 300-340 words (approx) 3 minute video = 450 to 510 words (approx). But let's say you have a video script already and it's 744 words.

What are the 3 parts of a script? ›

These three parts make up your script or function.
  • Beginning Line. Each new script or function you create has a beginning line that is created when you enter the script or function information into the New Script dialog. ...
  • The Body. The body immediately follows the beginning line of the script or function. ...
  • Ending Line.

What are the 7 plot elements? ›

What are the Elements of a Story?
  • 1 — A Theme. Plot (#5) is what happens in a story, a theme is why it happens—which you need to know while you're writing the plot. ...
  • 2 — Characters. I'm talking believable characters who feel knowable. ...
  • 3 — Setting. ...
  • 4 — Point of View. ...
  • 5 — Plot. ...
  • 6 — Conflict. ...
  • 7 — Resolution.
Aug 28, 2020

What is a slug line in a script? ›

The first screenplay Element type is a Scene Heading, also known as a Slugline. Scene Headings mark any change in location or time in your screenplay. Every scene begins with one.

What is a pick up audio? ›

Recording Pick-up Audio

This often means re-recording audio. One way to quickly re-do audio is to use Presenter's built-in audio recording for quick retakes. It doesn't matter if the audio was recorded externally or internally; the Audio Editor works the same with all audio files.

Is it wrong to pick up cast? ›

Voice cast
ArtemisMaaya SakamotoAvery Smithhart
Liliruca ArdeMaaya UchidaHilary Haag
Ryū LyonSaori HayamiGenevieve Simmons
Aiz WallensteinSaori ŌnishiShelley Calene-Black
9 more rows

Is it wrong to pick up Dungeon Hermes voice actor? ›

Benjamin McLaughlin is the English dub voice of Hermes in Is It Wrong to Try to Pick Up Girls in a Dungeon?, and Soma Saito is the Japanese voice.

What is it called when an actor speaks to the camera? ›

If an actor speaks directly to the audience, does something to the audience, or even simply notices the audience, it is known as "breaking the fourth wall". In a movie, or on television, this can be done by the actor speaking directly to the camera. This breaks a boundary normally set up or assumed by works of fiction.

What are the 6 types of microphones? ›

Don't pick the wrong mic! Find out when to use certain microphones by learning these six essential microphone pickup patterns.
  • Omnidirectional. Perfect for: interviews, moving subjects. ...
  • Cardioid. ...
  • Hypercardioid (Mini-Shotguns) ...
  • Supercardioid (Shotgun) ...
  • Lobar (Unidirectional) ...
  • Bidirectional (Figure 8 Pattern)
Jan 11, 2016

What is the circle on a mic? ›

A pop filter, pop shield or pop screen is a noise protection filter for microphones, typically used in a recording studio. It serves to reduce or eliminate popping sounds caused by the mechanical impact of fast-moving air on the microphone from plosives during recorded speech and singing.

Why is it called DanMachi? ›

The new OVA was released on Wednesday, January 29, 2020. The third season aired from October 2020 through December 2020. The name is often shortened to just DanMachi; the "Dan" from Danjon/Dungeon (ダンジョン) and the "Machi" from Machigatteiru (間違っている).

What level is Freya? ›

The Freya Familia home is located on the opposite side of Orario from the Loki Familia home, and they have over 100 members, of which the majority are Level 2 or 3, who train daily by seriously fighting each other in the Familia home's garden.

Does Ais have feelings for Bell? ›

Although it is unclear, Ais' behavior around Bell and her deep concern for him implies that she may be slowly developing romantic feelings towards him.

What God is Bell Cranel? ›

Bell originally was born in the Hera Familia the origins of his mother to find out. He isn't a demigod. Zeus adopted him and what hermes meant is that he is the last descendant of the zeus familia, since his father was a member of it while his mother was part of hera familia and his aunt is alfia.

Is Loki a girl or boy in Danmachi? ›

Loki is a Goddess with light red hair and red eyes. She is well-known to dress up in tomboyish or male attire, mainly jeans and a shirt that shows off her stomach.

Who is the main antagonist in Danmachi? ›

The Goddess Freya serves as more than just the secret antagonist of the series; she is also the most influential and most powerful goddess in the land of man.

What is it called when actors go off script? ›

Improvisation is one of the core techniques used by actors. It stretches the imagination, sparks spontaneity and can lead to unforgettable performances. To the dismay of script writers everywhere, it has also been responsible for some of the best moments in cinema history!

What are the 4 walls in movies? ›

fourth wall, in theatre, television, film, and other works of fiction, an imaginary wall between actors and their audience. The wall is invisible to the audience and opaque to the actors. Thus, performers act as if the audience is not there, and the viewer becomes a kind of voyeur, observing the narrative.

What is it called when an actor breaks the fourth wall? ›

The method of breaking the fourth wall in literature is a metalepsis (the transgression of narrative levels), which is a technique often used in metafiction. The metafiction genre occurs when a character within a literary work acknowledges the reality that they are in fact a fictitious being.


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